Discover the Joys of Public Transport in South Korea: A Practical Guide


Discover the Joys of Public Transport in South Korea: A Practical Guide


South Korea is well-known for its efficient and extensive public transportation system. From the bustling streets of Seoul to the scenic landscapes of Jeju Island, exploring the country using public transport can be a rewarding and convenient experience. This guide aims to provide practical information to help you navigate through South Korea’s public transport network.

Types of Public Transport


South Korea’s subway system is one of the most advanced in the world, offering a fast and reliable way to travel within cities. Major cities like Seoul, Busan, and Incheon have extensive subway networks that connect various neighborhoods and tourist attractions.


Buses in South Korea are also an efficient mode of transport, particularly for traveling between cities or exploring remote areas. The country has an extensive bus network that covers both urban and rural areas, ensuring access to even the most remote locations.


Trains play a crucial role in long-distance travel in South Korea. The Korea Train Express (KTX) is the country’s high-speed rail network, providing rapid transportation between major cities. There are also slower regional trains available for those who prefer a more leisurely journey or wish to explore smaller towns.

T-Money Card

One essential item for utilizing South Korea’s public transport system is the T-Money card. This rechargeable smart card can be used to pay for subway, bus, and train fares. It can also be used for payment in certain convenience stores and taxis. Purchasing a T-Money card at any subway station or convenience store is highly recommended, as it saves you the hassle of buying individual tickets for each journey.

Maps and Signs

Subway stations in South Korea are equipped with detailed maps and signs in both Korean and English. These make it relatively easy to navigate and plan your journey. Additionally, electronic signage within train cars and stations announce upcoming stops and provide useful information for passengers.

Rush Hour

During peak hours, subway trains can become crowded, especially in major cities like Seoul. It’s important to keep this in mind while planning your travel to avoid feeling overwhelmed by the crowds. If possible, try to avoid traveling during morning and evening rush hours.

Subway Apps

To make your subway travel even more convenient, consider downloading a subway app. Apps like Seoul Metro, Subway Korea, or KakaoMetro provide real-time schedules, route planning, and other helpful information to ensure a smooth and hassle-free journey.

Bus Travel Tips

Bus Stops and Routes

Finding the right bus stop and understanding the route can be intimidating for first-time visitors. However, with the help of bus stop signs in English, smartphone apps like Naver Maps or KakaoMap, and clear route information at bus stops, navigating the bus system becomes much easier. Be sure to check the bus number, destination, and boarding location before boarding.

Bus Fares

Unlike the subway system, buses in South Korea only accept cash for payment. It is recommended to carry small denominations of Korean won (₩) as bus drivers do not provide change. The fare may vary depending on the distance traveled, but it’s generally affordable and inexpensive.

Bus Etiquette

When traveling by bus, it’s important to be mindful of other passengers. Priority seating is available for the elderly, pregnant women, and those with disabilities. Also, it is customary to enter through the front door and exit through the rear door to ensure a smooth flow of passengers.

Train Travel

KTX Reservations

If you plan to travel long distances using the KTX, it is advisable to make reservations in advance, especially during peak travel seasons. Reserving your seat can be done online or at the ticket counters in train stations.

Regional Trains

For shorter distances or exploring smaller towns, regional trains are a great option. These trains have fewer stops and are less crowded, allowing you to enjoy the scenic beauty of the countryside at a more relaxed pace.


South Korea offers an incredibly efficient and accessible public transport system that caters to both locals and tourists. Whether you’re exploring the vibrant cities or venturing into rural areas, using the subway, buses, or trains can be a cost-effective and enjoyable way to get around. With a T-Money card in hand, maps, apps, and a little knowledge about the local transport etiquette, you can confidently discover the joys of South Korea’s public transport network.

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